Hindustani Vocal 104

After having introduced the student to Swara mapping in the previous courses, this course focuses on Swara identification. The ability to identify the musical notes by listening to sounds is developed using specific exercises. This course also includes study of some Raga characteristics, the origin of Ragas from folk music, study of ‘Pentatonic’ structures present in music of different parts of the world. Raga Khamaj is sung with more Aalap, Bol Aalap and Taan. Raga Brindavani Sarang Chhota Khayal is learnt in detail with Aalap, BolAalap and Taan. The learner gets to study interesting compositions like Tirvat and Chaturang. Singing a Tirvat and composing a Tarana by the student gives an insight into different types of songs . The Layakari in Dhrupad is introduced starting with the singing of the composition in Dugun and then in Chougun.

Course Format

Batch Size: 7

Duration: 12 weeks, two 60 mins lesson per week


  • To understand Swara Sthanas by Swara identification exercises
  • To sing Raga Khamaj with detailed Aalap and Taan
  • To learn Raga Brindavani Sarang Chhota Khayal
  • To learn a Tirvat and compose a Tarana
  • To practice singing Dhrupad in Dugun and Chougun

Student needs to complete HV103 at the academy ‘OR’ the student should demonstrate the ability • To sing stable notes perfectly in tune with the Tanpura. • To sing Chhota Khayal with simple self-created Aalap and Taan. • To create a Sargam Geet. • To listen to a musical sound and identify Swara


  • Aarohi patterns andAvarohi Patterns
  • Mixed Patterns
  • Taal Jatis
  • Swara identification

Raga characteristics

  • Swara Sangathis weaved into a Raga
  • Jaathi- Number of Swaras in a Raga
  • Vadi, Samvadi, Anuvadi, Vivadi
  • Poorvang and Uttarang

Raga Brindavani Sarang

  • Alankar Patterns in Brindavani Sarang
  • Bana Bana Dhoondana
  • Jhanan Jhanan Mori
  • Model Aalap in Brindavani Sarang
  • Model Bol Aalap in Brindavani Sarang
  • Model Taan in Brindavani Sarang

Tirvat in Bhupali

  • What is a Tirvat?
  • Bhupali Tirvat

Laya and Dhrupad.

  • Dhrupad – Tu hi Soorya
  • Dugun and Chougun in Dhrupad

Pentatonic Scales

  • Bhupali, Durga, Brindavani Sarang
  • Folk music to Ragas
  • World Music and Ragas

A description of Sitar

  • Construction of Sitar
  • Origin of Sitar

Sitar Artists

  • Pt. Ravishankar, his Music
  • Ustad Vilayat Khan
  • Pt. Nikhil Banerji

Raga Khamaj

  • Namana Karoon Mai

At the completion of HV104, the student will be able to:

  • Recognise at least two swaras sung at a time
  • Perform Raga Khamaj with Aalap and Taan
  • Perform Brindavani Sarang Chhota Khayal
  • Sing Tirvat in Bhupali
  • Compose and sing a Tarana in any of the Ragas learnt
  • Sing the three pentatonic scales Bhupali, Durga, Brindavani Sarang and Alankar patterns in these scales with perfection.